We as a Khalifah

The purpose of man’s creation (Responsibilities of man)

As we know, human is not made for nothing or for fun, but with a purpose in life. It is stated in (surah al-mukminun 22:115).



”Then did you think that We created you uselessly and that to Us you would not be returned?"

From this ayat, it clearly shows that human are created with their own purpose and reason. Moreover Allah created all creatures for the benefit of mankind. Why human are been created?

There are 3 main purpose why human are created by Allah; that are
1. To worship Allah alone
2. To be the vicegerent of Allah
3. To fulfill the trust (Amanah)


1. To worship Allah alone

To worship Allah can also be known as to ibadah Allah alone. This is the ultimate purpose for all mankind. Ibadah here includes the ritual rites, believe in pillars of islam and all good deeds ,and obey Allah commands.


And I did not create the jinn and mankind except to worship Me.


So it is an obligation to all mankind to follow Allah commands as the creator of mankind, jinns and the entire universe .

2. To be the vicegerent of Allah

The creation of man was initiated by Allah for a noble purpose. The task khalifah is very important to ensure that this world is rule in peace and justice. So this is not a simple task that can be fulfill by all creation. Allah said in (surah Al-Baqarah 2:30)


And [mention, O Muhammad], when your Lord said to the angels, "Indeed, I will make upon the earth a successive authority." They said, "Will You place upon it one who causes corruption therein and sheds blood, while we declare Your praise and sanctify You?" Allah said, "Indeed, I know that which you do not know."

3. To fulfill the trust (Amanah)

The trust is to rule the world in accordance to the will and pleasure of Allah. The task of Khalifah had been offered to the mountain, heaven and earth, but they all refuse to undertake it because the task was too heavy and afraid they cannot fulfill the task. But when this task was offered to the man, they take it. It is mention in (surah Al-Ahzab 33:72).


Indeed, we offered the Trust to the heavens and the earth and the mountains, and they declined to bear it and feared it; but man [undertook to] bear it. Indeed, he was unjust and ignorant.

We should be proud and honored to be entrusted to become a khalifah who will rule this world in peace and justice.


Amanah for all human(امانة)

There are certain amanah that must be fulfill by each human. That are:-

1.To develop divine attributes in himself which includes goodness, righteousness, truthfulness, justice and other else. These are very important amanah that must be done by all human. If man does not adopt these attributes to himself, he cannot do justice to himself and other fellow being as the vicegerent on the earth .

2. To institute peace and assurance of life and property for all human. It is also to organize humanity into an ordered society capable of utilizing the bounties of Allah in a proper and just way for the benefit of all nations and and not for a privileged group.

3. To establish the law of Allah (Syariah) on earth as stated in the Quran. Nowadays, we are not using and follow the law of Allah. For an example, we use the civil law in determining punishment. We must practice all injunctions of the Quran, leave all the prohibitions, and follow all Allah commandments.

4. To develop earth for the whole ummah so that we can live in a developed country, peace and harmony.


MAN AS KHALIFAH
The definition in literal and technical meaning.



Literal meaning
It derived from the word “خلف” which mean to succeed or to replace a person due to his absence, death or as an honor to the successor.

Technical meaning
KHILAFAH (Arabic) - is used to denote the government of the Muslim state, of which the Khalifa is the head. A workable analogy of Khalifah and Khilafah is president and presidency or king and monarchy. The Khilafah is a fard kifaaya on the Ummah .

The Islamic Khilafah is the way of ruling the Islamic Ummah after the death of the prophet (S.A.W.). The Islamic Khilafah can be rightly guided, i.e., it is according to the prophet's method. The rightly-guided Islamic Khilafah was established at the times of the rightly-guided Khalifahs after the prophet (S.A.W.) (Abu Bakr, Omar, Othman, Ali, and another Khalifah who is frequently mentioned among the rightly-guided Khalifahs; Omar Bin Abdul-Aziz) (R.A.) These Khalifahs were rightly called "the rightly-guided Khalifahs" because one of their unique situation was that they were chosen by the Ummah to rule .

It is also can be refers to the (surah Al-Baqarah 2:30)


And [mention, O Muhammad], when your Lord said to the angels, "Indeed, I will make upon the earth a successive authority." They said, "Will You place upon it one who causes corruption therein and sheds blood, while we declare Your praise and sanctify You?" Allah said, "Indeed, I know that which you do not know."


Meaning of khalifah by Islamic scholar.

Ibn Ishaq
Khalifah is a dweller and builder who will built up or develop the earth and inhabit it.

Al-Qurtubi
It is refers to the prophet Adam since he is the first human being create by Allah and being in this world.

Al-Tabari
It refers to the prophet Adam and those who follow him in obedience and implementing justice.

Al-Razi and Ibn Kathir
It refers to the prophet Adam and his descendents .



TYPES OF KHALIFAH

There are two types of khalifah which are khalifah ‘ammah and khalifah khassah. ‘Ammah means general while khassah means specific.

Khalifah ‘Ammah
Khalifah ‘ammah is inclusively to all Muslims and non-Muslims. It is to make this earth comfortable to live. Moreover, khalifah ‘ammah is to fulfill general responsibilities towards Allah, himself, fellow human beings, creatures.

Khalifah Khassah
This type of khalifah is exclusively to Muslims only. Only Muslims can implement Allah’s instructions and commands, and administer life according to His will. It stated in (surah An-nur 24:55).


Allah has promised those who have believed among you and done righteous deeds that He will surely grant them succession [to authority] upon the earth just as He granted it to those before them and that He will surely establish for them [therein] their religion which He has preferred for them and that He will surely substitute for them, after their fear, security, [for] they worship Me, not associating anything with Me. But whoever disbelieves after that - then those are the defiantly disobedient.


General responsibilities of Khalifah (‘Ammah and Khassah)

1. Make yourself good.
As a khalifah, we must make our self in good in both conditions which are good in body and good in spiritual. Good in body means have a perfect and healthy body to lead the people. Moreover, good in spiritual means our mind should always in positive thinking.

2. Helps others become good.
The second responsibility of khalifah is to help others become good. That is mean a khalifah must help his/her people to become good in physical and spiritual.

3. Make the physical world good (clean and beautiful, so it is pleasing to Allah).
This responsibility includes in development of world.

General responsibilities of Khalifah Khassah

1. To act only within the authority (which is delegated by Allah).
O you who have believed, be persistently standing firm for Allah , witnesses in justice, and do not let the hatred of a people prevent you from being just. Be just; that is nearer to righteousness. And fear Allah ; indeed, Allah is Acquainted with what you do. (5:8)

2. To develop and improve life on earth
And to Thamud [We sent] their brother Salih. He said, "O my people, worship Allah ; you have no deity other than Him. He has produced you from the earth and settled you in it, so ask forgiveness of Him and then repent to Him. Indeed, my Lord is near and responsive." (11:6)

3. To perform Amal Salih (Good Deeds)
Allah has promised those who have believed among you and done righteous deeds that He will surely grant them succession [to authority] upon the earth just as He granted it to those before them and that He will surely establish for them [therein] their religion which He has preferred for them and that He will surely substitute for them, after their fear, security, [for] they worship Me, not associating anything with Me. But whoever disbelieves after that - then those are the defiantly disobedient. (24:55)

4. To be best model(Muslim)-will followed by other nations.

You are the best nation produced [as an example] for mankind. You enjoin what is right and forbid what is wrong and believe in Allah . If only the People of the Scripture had believed, it would have been better for them. Among them are believers, but most of them are defiantly disobedient. (3:10)

5. Show good example to other.

And thus we have made you a just community that you will be witnesses over the people and the Messenger will be a witness over you. And We did not make the qiblah which you used to face except that We might make evident who would follow the Messenger from who would turn back on his heels. And indeed, it is difficult except for those whom Allah has guided. And never would Allah have caused you to lose your faith. Indeed Allah is, to the people, Kind and Merciful.(2:143).


General Function of Khalifah

There are several functions of khalifah. First and foremost is to defense and maintenance of religion. Second is make the decision of legal dispute. Moreover, khalifah is responsible for protection of territory of Islam and responsible to give punishment to wrong doers. Next function of khalifah is provition of troop for guarding the frontiers. Khalifah also responsible for the waging of jihad against Kafir Harbi . Plus, khalifah also manage the organization and collection of zakat and payment of salary and administration of public fund. Khalifah is responsible for appointment of competent officials and personal attention to the detail of the government.

Qualifications of Khalifah by Islamic scholar

1. Al-Mawardi

He said that to be a khalifah, a person must be:-
-male
-adult
-good character
-free from any mental and physical defect
-well verse in Shariah matters
-well verse in administration
-courage
-qurasyh tribe

2. Ibn Khaldun
he stated that to be a khalifah, a person must have this qualification:-
-knowledge, which enables him to make an independent decision
-probity(adalah), because the imamah is a religious and supervise all the other institutions that requires probity.
-competence means that the khalifah is willing to carry out the punishments fixed by shariah.
-free from any senses/ limbs defect.
-qurasyh tribe.

3. General prerequisites to becoming the Khalifah are:

-muslim
-man
-knowledgeable in Islam and be able to make independent decisions if necessary
-have good morals and be trustworthy
-he must be physically able, spiritual, brave, and helpful to protect the ummah against its enemies
-must be politically, military and administratively experienced

Alhamdulillah, hope all the readers can get benefit from it...

Wallahua'lam

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PENYEBAB KERESAHAN HIDUP


Insyaallah sebuah tazkirah ringkas…

Penyebab keresahan dalam hidup manusia menurut pandangan Islam sangat banyak tetapi yang menjadi punca utama ialah :-

Tidak adanya iman atau lemahnya iman seseorang.

Percampuran antara iman dan syirik.

Kurangnya kesedaran bahawa dalam usaha manusia ada ketentuan Allah yang Maha Berkuasa. Manusia hanya sebagai makhluk yang diciptakan dan berada dalam kekuasaanNya. Firman Allah Ertinya : "Dan kepunyaan-Nyalah apa-apa yang di langit dan di bumi, semua makhluk tunduk kepadaNya" (Surah al-Rum : 26)

Umat Islam kurang menghayati dan mengamalkan kehidupan berumah tangga berlandaskan ajaran Islam.

Ibu bapa atau penjaga kurang memberi perhatian ilmu pengetahuan dan pendidikan keagamaan kepada anak di samping ilmu pengetahuan yang lain.

Kebebasan dalam pergaulan tanpa didasari dengan keimanan sehingga boleh mempengaruhi manusia melakukan perkara yang haram mengikut hukum syarak.

Manusia terlalu membanggakan ilmu pengetahuan hasil daripada pemikiran akal manusia tanpa disertai iman sedangkan pemikiran manusia amat terbatas.

Pengaruh makanan dan minuman haram ke atas umat Islam secara sedar atau tidak sedar.
Adanya penyakit rohani yang membahayakan dan merosakkan peribadi dan martabat manusia seperti hasad, dengki, khianat, dusta, takbur, riak dan sebagainya.

Kurangnya kesedaran rasa syukur sewaktu mendapat nikmat Allah S.W.T. dan terlalu mementingkan urusan duniawi.

Sentiasa diselubungi perasaan bersalah atau berdosa kerana telah melakukan perbuatan terkutuk yang bertentangan dengan hati nuraninya sehinga terjadi konflik batin.

Konflik batin ini menyebabkan gangguan fikiran seperti tidak tenteram dan tertekan.

Semoga dengan apa yang akan disampaikan dapat menjadi peringatan, nasihat dan bimbingan terutama pada diri kita dan seluruh kaum muslimin dan muslimat dalam rangka meyempurnakan displin kehidupan agar sentiasa memperoleh taufik, hidayah dan rahmat daripada Allah S.W.T.

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اهلا وسهلا يا رمضان

تهيكم بتهية السلامية السلام عليكم ورحمة الله وبركاته وبعده


Tidak sampai seminggu lagi umat islam akan menyambut bulan Ramadan yang mulia.Seperti mana yang kita sedia maklum dibulan ini amatlah digalakkan agar kita memperbanyakkan amal soleh seperti bertadarus al-quran,bersedekah dan lain-lain.

Ubadah Bin Somit ra. meriwayatkan bahawa Rasulullah SAW bersabda pada suatu hari ketika Ramadhan hampir menjelang: "Telah datang kepadamu bulan Ramadhan, di mana Allah melimpah ruahkan di dalamnya dengan keberkatan, menurunkan rahmat, mengampuni dosa-dosa kamu, memakbulkan doa-doa kamu, melihat di atas perlumbaan kamu untuk memperolehi kebaikan yang besar dan berbangga mengenaimu di hadapan malaikat-malaikat. Maka tunjukkanlah kepada Allah Taala kebaikan dari kamu. Sesungguhnya orang yang bernasib malang ialah dia yang dinafikan daripada rahmat Allah pada bulan ini."


Bagi mereka yang sudah bersedia untuk menghadapi bulan yang penuh barokah ini pasti tidak menghadapi sebarang masaalah.Cuma rata-rata umat islam sendiri sekarang,mengalami “culture shock” apabila tibanya Ramadhan.Ramailah insan-insan yang terlepas untuk bersahur sedangkan didalam sebuah hadis

Al-Hikam didalam al-Mustadrak meriwayatkan bahawa Rasulullah bersabda:

واستعينوا بطعام السحر على صيام النهار
“Dapatkan bantuan dengan makanan sahur untuk menguatkan puasa pada siang hari”


Di dalam sebuah hadis yang lain

Ibn Umar ra. meriwayatkan bahawa Rasulullah SAW bersabda: "Sesungguhnya Allah dan para malaikatNya mengirim rahmat ke atas mereka yang memakan sahur."


Banyak fadhilat yang dapat diambil sepanjang berlangsungnya Ramadhan.

Abu Hurairah ra. meriwayatkan bahawa Rasulullah SAW bersabda: "Terdapat tiga jenis orang yang doa mereka tidak ditolak; doa daripada orang yang berpuasa sehinggalah dia berbuka puasa; imam (penguasa) yang adil, dan orang yang dizalimi yang kerana doanya itu Allah mengangkatnya melepasi awan dan membuka untuknya pintu-pintu langit dan Allah berfirman: "Daku bersumpah demi kemuliaanKu, sesungguhnya Daku pasti menolongmu walaupun pada suatu masa nanti."


Amat sesuailah bagi mereka yang ingin menjadikan bulan ini sebagai bulan taghyir(perubahan).Contoh yang paling mudah tadghin(merokok).Kenapa tidak dijadikan terus bulan yang mulia ini sebagai satu medan untuk terus berhenti daripada merokok.

انما الأعمال بالنيات
“sesungguhnya setiap amalan itu bergantung kepada niat”


Ya sebuah hadis yang cukup sesuai sekali.Jika kita berniat bahawa kita hendak berubah,Insyaallah Allah akan memakbulkannya.

“sesungguhnya Allah tidak akan mengubah nasib sesuatu kaum itu jika kaum itu tidak mengubah nasib mereka sendiri” ar ra’du ayat 11


Memang begantung kepada keazaman diri yang kuat,tetapi ingatlah bahawa dibulan Ramadhan musuh umat islam yang utama iaitu syaitan telah pun digari selama sebulan menjelangnya Ramadhan.

Abu Hurairah ra. meriwayatkan bahawa Rasulullah SAW bersabda: "Umatku telah dikurniakan dengan lima perkara yang istimewa yang belum pernah diberikan kepada sesiapa pun sebelum mereka. Bau mulut daripada seorang Islam yang berpuasa adalah terlebih harum di sisi Allah daripada bau haruman kasturi. Ikan-ikan di lautan memohon istighfar (keampunan) ke atas mereka sehinggalah mereka berbuka puasa".
Allah mempersiapkan serta menghiasi jannah yang khas setiap hari dan kemudian berfirman kepadanya: "Masanya telah hampir tiba bilamana hamba-hambaKu yang taat akan meninggalkan segala halangan-halangan yang besar (di dunia) dan akan mendatangimu."
Pada bulan ini syaitan-syaitan yang durjana dirantaikan supaya tidak menggoda mereka ke arah maksiat-maksiat yang biasa mereka lakukan pada bulan-bulan selain Ramadhan. Pada malam terakhir Ramadhan (orang-orang yang berpuasa ini) akan diampunkan." Maka sahabat-sahabat Rasulullah SAW pun bertanya: "Wahai Pesuruh Allah, adakah itu malam lailatul Qadar?" Dijawab oleh Rasulullah SAW: "Tidak, tetapi selayaknya seorang yang beramal itu diberi balasan setelah menyempurnakan tugasnya."


Ambillah peluang keemasan ini untuk mendidik nafsu kita supaya terdidik dan terpelihara sementara syaitan durjana masih lagi tergari.Janganlah terleka untuk menghabiskan bulan Ramadhan ini dengan cepat supaya boleh menyambut hari raya,tetapi nikmatilah bulan ini dengan rasa penuh kesyukuran dan izzah terhadap islam.


Ana tidak bercadang untuk memanjangkan lagi kalam,Insyaallah dibulan yang mulia ana mengucapkan selamat berpuasa kepada sahabat-sahabat seperjuangan ana yang akan fly kemesir 18hb/8 ini,tidak lupa kepada keluarga,sahabat-sahabat di uia, dan juga kepada semua umat islam.

Renung-renungkan dan bermuhasabahlah…

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Subuh 2

sambungan

RUGINYA ORANG YANG TIDAK SOLAT SUBUH.

Kerugian yang akan dialami oleh orang yang tidak melakukan solat Subuh dan solat lain secara berjemaah:

1) Memiliki sifat-sifat orang munafik yang tidak menjalankan solat (kecuali dalam keadaan malas) Rasulullah bersabda bermaksud: "Solat yang paling berat bagi orang-orang munafik adalah solat Isyak dan Subuh. Seandainya mereka tahu apa makna di dalamnya, maka mereka akan mendatanginya sekalipun dengan merangkak." (Muttafa Alaih)

2) Sengaja tidur hingga tidak solat subuh dan meninggalkan solat berjemaah merupakan perbuatan kufur dan diancam dengan ancaman yang sangat berat. Allah berfirman bermaksud: "Maka celakalah orang-orang yang melakukan solat, iaitu orang-orang yang lalai dari solatnya." (Al Ma'un 4-5)

3) Seorang lelaki berada di sisi Nabi SAW dan dia tidur hingga pagi, lalu Nabi SAW bersabda bermaksud: "Itulah lelaki yang kedua telinganya dikencing syaitan.“ (Muttafa Alaih)

Allah SWT sendiri mengatakan bahawa mereka yang susah untuk solat Isyak dan Subuh adalah orang munafik. Jadi tak susahlah kita hendak kenali orang munafik. Dan kita sendiri dapat mengukur adakah kita ini orang munafik atau tidak.

Taal huna,haiyya nazhab ilal masjid…

wasslam

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Subuh

NIKMATANYA SOLAT SUBUH BERJEMAAH

“susahnya nak bangun subuh,tiap2 hari asyik masbuk jer.Kalo cam ni cam ner nak solat jemaah subuh” rungutan sebahagian besar daripada umat Islam sendiri.


Sesungguhnya pahala menunaikan solat Subuh dan Isyak dengan berjemaah sama dengan melakukan solat semalam suntuk yang dapat menghapuskan dosa sebagaimana air memadamkan api.

Sebagaimana hadis riwayat Muslim dan Usman bin Affan bahawasanya Rasulullah SAW bersabda yang bermaksud: "Barangsiapa melakukan solat Isyak dengan berjemaah, maka seolah melakukan solat separuh malam. Dan barangsiapa yang melakukan solat Subuh dengan berjemaah maka seolah melakukan solat semalam suntuk."

1) Orang yang melakukan solat subuh berjemaah akan mendapat cahaya yang sempurna di hari kiamat. Rasulullah saw bersabda yang bermaksud: "Berilah khabar gembira pada orang-orang yang berjalan ke masjid-masjid di waktu gelap bahawa ia akan mendapat cahaya yang sempurna di hari akhirat." (HR Abu Daud dan Tarmizi)

2) Sesungguhnya melakukan solat jemaah Subuh dan Asar tepat pada waktunya termasuk sebab yang memasukkan seseorang ke syurga dan selamat dari seksa neraka. Rasulullah bersabda: "Tidak masuk neraka seseorang yang melakukan solat sebelum matahari terbit dan sebelum terbenam (solat subuh dan Asar.") (HR:Muslim)

3) Malaikat berkumpul di waktu solat Asar dan Subuh. Merekalah yang membawa rahmat dan berkat.

4) Sesungguhnya satu langkah orang yang berjalan ke masjid adalah menghapuskan kesalahan dan yang lain mengangkat darjat. Maka langkah yang banyak ke masjid termasuk hal yang membawa kesalahan dihapus dan darjat diangkat, sebagaimana hadis Abu Hurairah yang diriwayatkan Iman Muslim.

Betapa besarnya ganjaran Allah yang menanti bagi mereka yang solat Subuh berjemaah khususnya di masjid.Apakah alasan yang hendak diberikan oleh mereka yang tidak hadir ke masjid di waktu Subuh?

Mereka diberi kemudahan motor dan kereta oleh Allah. Mereka diberi tilam yang empok oleh Allah. Masjid melaungkan azan pertama sejak jam 5.00 pagi lagi (sebahagian tempat ada yang melaungkan azan pertama) untuk mereka bersedia ke rumah Allah. Mereka belum ada urusan lain, yang kerap dijadikan alasan kerana tak mahu ke rumah Allah.

Jika kita dihadapkan di depan Allah kelak,dengan alasan bagaimanakah akan kita jawab? Bagi mereka yang tidak datang bersolat berjemaah Subuh di masjid, marilah kita berubah.Khususnya kepada diri yang menulis ini.

Wallahua’lam

bersambung...

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